Areas of Expertise
Livelihoods Evaluation & DevelopmentThe livelihoods approach developed in the 1990s provides a useful prism through which to view development opportunities and constraints. The approach has since been modified to place a greater emphasis on the surrounding environment of policies, institutions and processes (PIPs) to better reflect the key role of governance in livelihoods outcomes.
Policy Analysis & AdvocacySmall scale food providers deliver fresh nutritious local food to an estimated 70 per cent of the world population. This is the current reality and the only realistic future for global agriculture. Perversely however these food providers often find themselves at the bottom of the socio-economic pile.
Governance & DecentralisationDecentralisation - the 'transfer of power from the central government to actors and institutions at lower levels in a political-administrative and territorial hierarchy'*.
Since the 1990s, interest in decentralisation has moved beyond its potential contribution to natural resource management to a broader one of social development, poverty reduction, rights and democratisation. Development agencies and donors view decentralisation as a means to achieve more responsive, transparent and accountable government.
Consensus Building & Participatory PlanningThe role of consensus building and conflict resolution in development has undergone several key changes over the last three decades but remains closely associated with natural resource management (NRM). As development stakeholders become better aware of the complexity of NRM and its relationship to poverty, the purpose and approach of consensus building and participatory planning has evolved to reflect new knowledge and changing objectives.
Institutions for Natural Resource ManagementThe institutions associated with natural resource management extend beyond visible and formal entities such as technical line departments, local government, community-based organisations or new emerging bodies like market associations.
A wide array of informal institutions influence decision-making and access to resources and this has consequences for project design and implementation.